Free Satoshi Bitcoin for Dummies

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Instead, they went with Solution 2. The resulting currency, called bitcoin cash, increased the blocksize to 8 Mb in order to accelerate the verification process to permit a performance of around two million transactions every day. At the time of writing, Bitcoin Cash is valued at $545.00 to Bitcoins $6,328.11.

When you hear about bitcoin mining, you envisage coins being dug from the ground. However, bitcoin isnt physical, so why do we call it mining

Because its like gold mining in that the bitcoins exist in the protocols design (just as the gold is underground), but they havent been introduced into the light yet (just as the gold hasnt been dug up). The bitcoin protocol stipulates that 21 million bitcoins will exist at some point.

They get to do so as a reward for creating blocks of confirmed transactions and including them in the blockchain.

Backtracking a bit, lets talk about nodes. A node is a powerful computer that runs the bitcoin applications and helps to keep bitcoin running by participating in the relay of information. Anyone can run a node, you just download the bitcoin applications (free) and leave a certain port open (the drawback is that it consumes energy and storage space the network at time of writing takes up about 145GB).

One node will send information to a few nodes that it knows, who will relay the information to nodes that they know, etc.. That way it ends up getting around the whole network pretty quickly. .

Some nodes are mining nodes (usually known as miners). These group outstanding transactions into cubes and add them to the blockchain. How can they do this By solving a complex mathematical mystery that's a portion of the bitcoin program, and including the answer in the block. The puzzle that needs solving is to find a number that, when combined with the information in the block and passed through a hash function, produces a result that's within a certain range.

 

 

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(For fiction fans, this number is called a nonce, which is a concatenation of number employed once. In the case of bitcoin, the nonce is an integer between 0 and 4,294,967,296.)

How can they find this number By guessing at random. The hash function which makes it impossible to predict exactly what the output will be. So, miners guess the puzzle number and use the hash function to the combination of the guessed number and the information in the block. The resulting hash must start with a pre-established number of zeroes.

Whats more, there might be several nonces that produce the intended result, or there may be none (in the event the miners keep trying, but using a different block configuration). .

The you can try this out first miner to get a resulting hash within the desirable range announces its victory to the remainder of the network. The rest of the miners immediately stop work on that block and begin trying to figure out the puzzle number for your next one. As a reward for its own work, the victorious miner gets some new bitcoin. .

At the time of writing, the reward is 12.5 bitcoins, which at time of writing will be worth almost $200,000.

 

 

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Although its not nearly as cushy a bargain as it sounds. There are a whole lot of mining nodes competing for that reward, and it is a question of fortune and computing power (the further guessing calculations you can perform, the luckier you're ).

Also, the costs of being Your Domain Name a mining node are considerable, not only because of the effective hardware needed (in case you've got a faster processor than your opponents, you have a better chance of finding the correct number before they do), but also due to the large amounts of power that running these chips consumes. .

And, the number of all bitcoins given as a reward for solving the puzzle will decrease. Its 12.5 now, but it halves every four years or so (the next one is expected in 2020-21). The value of bitcoin relative to cost of power and hardware could extend up during the next few decades to partly compensate this reduction, but its not certain. .

The problem of this calculation (the necessary number of zeroes at the beginning of the hash string) is corrected frequently, so that it takes on average about 10 minutes to process a block.

Why 10 minutes That is the amount of time that the bitcoin developers think is necessary for a steady and diminishing flow of new coins until the maximum number of 21 million is attained (expected some time in 2140).

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